The people of Uzbekistan belong to different religions, and faith that guide them in their lives.
Uzbekistan contains a great number of religious monuments, buildings and sacred places.
Their history encompasses more than 3000 years, starting with ancient monuments of the unique Zoroastrian religion. Zoroastrian people worshiped land, air and water, but fire was its main sacred element. Museums of Samarkand and Bukhara keep many relics and objects of that age, such as ossuaries.
Another ancient religion that influenced the cultural diversity in Central Asia and neighboring Afghanistan was Buddhism, and a number of interesting monuments are still remaining in the some areas of Uzbekistan, such as Termez and Ferghana valley. Two hundred years after the birth of Christ, Christians emerged in Maveranahr to never leave it.
Their churches and temples co-existed with Zoroastrian temples and, later, with Islamic mosques for centuries.
A number of famous monuments which are now known as mosques, were previously churches, for example, the Poi Kalyan Mosque in Bukhara.
Islam emerged in Central Asia in the 8th century AD and till now it is the dominating religion in the region. Muslim cultural heritage comprises hundreds of monuments in all five republics of Central Asia and include buildings of secular, civic and religious nature.
Those are palaces, houses, madrassah, khonaka, mosques and minarets, mausoleums and mazars, chillyakhonas. Tourists will be able to visit sacred places of Central Asian Muslim Heritage, recognized by whole Islamic world. Also, they may see numerous monuments of Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Christianity which co-existed in Central Asia for millennia.