Ancient cities of Uzbekistan were located on the ancient Silk Road, the trading route between China and the West. The route took its name from silk, the commodity most in demand in Europe from China during the Roman period. Some of the most influential and savage conquerors came and ruled these lands. Continue reading “Uzbekistan Cities”
Urgench (Uzbek: Urganch / Урганч) is a city (1999 population: 139,100) in southern Uzbekistan. It is the capital of the Khorezm Province, on the Amu Darya River and the Shavat canal. Continue reading “Urgench”
Termez (Uzbek: Termiz) is a city in southern Uzbekistan near the border with Afghanistan. The city was named by Greeks who came with Alexander the Great.
Termez means in Greek “hot” or “hot place” (Thermo or Thermos). It is still the hottest point of Uzbekistan. It has a population of 140,404 (1 January 2005), and is the capital of the Surxondaryo Province. Continue reading “Termez”
Tashkent (Uzbek: Toshkent, Тошкент; Russian: Ташкент) is the capital of Uzbekistan and also of the Tashkent Province. The officially registered population of the city in 2008 was 2.18 million. According to unofficial data, the population is more than 3 million. Continue reading “Tashkent”
Timur’s hometown Shakhrisabz is a small town south of Samarkand. By the time of birth of Timur on 9 April 1336 at the village of Hoja Ilghar, 13 km to the south from Kesh (former name of Shakhrisabz), Kesh was ruled by the Barlas clan, Mongols of the Chaghatai khanate, turkicised by their long stay in the fertile Kashkadarya valley. Using his Barlas lineage, Tamerlane gathered a band of followers, who helped him to become from a sheep-rustler to the lord of the valley by the age of 25. A decade later he became a lord of the whole Transoxiana, making the Samarkand the capital of his empire. As he rose to power, Timur paid great effort to strengthen and beautify Kesh. He built Ak Saray, the white palace, surrounded it by high walls and a deep moat, crossed by drawbridge, and laid out green gardens which gave a new name of Shakhrisabz (Tajik for “Green Town”). Continue reading “Shakhrisabz”
Samarkand is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. The city is most noted for its central position on the Silk Road between China and the West, and for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study. The Bibi-Khanym Mosque remains one of the city’s most famous landmarks. The Registan was the ancient centre of the city. In 2001, UNESCO inscribed the 2750-year-old city on the World Heritage List as Samarkand – Crossroads of Cultures. Continue reading “Samarkand”
Namangan is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan (2006 population 432,456). It is the capital of Namangan Province, in the northern edge of Fergana Valley of north-eastern Uzbekistan.
Namangan is about 300 km east of Tashkent, about 65 km west of Andijan, and about 75 km north of Fergana. It is located at 40°59′N 71°35′E / 40.98°N 71.58°E / 40.98; 71.58 1561 feet (476 meters) above sea level. Continue reading “Namangan”
Margilan (Uzbek: Margilon) or Margelan is a city (1999 population 143,600) in Fergana Province in eastern Uzbekistan. It is located at latitude 40°28′ 16 N, longitude 71°43′ 29 E at an altitude of 487 meters.
Margilan, one of the ancient cities in the world, by the decision of UNESCO will celebrate its 2000th anniversary in 2009.
According to European legend, Margilan was founded by Alexander the Great. On a lunch stop, he was given chicken (murgh in Persian) and bread (nan in Persian), from which the town took its name. Continue reading “Margilan”